Environmental pollution concerns and high fuel cost is driving the car industry towards Electric Vehicle (EV). Li-ion cell is a common adopted energy source for EV. However, Li-ion cells required proper temperature control to function properly. A key factor that affects the battery is temperature. < 0°C: difficult or impossible for charging >60°C: difficult for discharging and risk of degradation, shortened service life >70°C ~ 90°C: will trigger a self-heating reaction with internal cell faults with risk of thermal runaway, presenting safety hazards.Most Li-ion battery achieves their rated capacity at 20~25°C and their capacity will drop ~10% for every increase of 10°C. Regulating the battery temperature during continuous charge and discharge is a challenge, especially in temperate climates.Existing cooling solutions consist of the battery modules sitting on or attached to heat sinks that are in turn cooled by a coolant loop. The drawbacks are that the cooling efficiency is low, and the effectiveness is poor, since only a small part of each module receives the cooling effect. Besides, heat sinks are generally thick and heavy due to the coolant loop. The result is that temperatures will differ from module to module, cell to cell. Even within the same cell, different regions may have different temperatures.Battery packs used in EVs are constrained by space and weight, so cooling systems for the battery packs must be compact and lightweight, and yet meeting the cooling requirements.Our patent granted technology is able to carry coolant to each individual cell in a compact structure. This ensures consistency and uniformity of heat transfer from each cell in a battery pack, extending their lifespan and safety by allowing them to operate in their optimum temperature range (10 ~ 35°C), Charging and discharging can also take place in all ambient temperature.
Lithium ion batteries, which are the most widely used among the secondary battery types, have high capacities and cycling life. The theoretical capacity of lithium ion batteries is expected to remain at the same value in each cycle without changing the ingredients. However, this does not take place as expected and lithium ions in the battery can be produced or consumed by side reactions during charging/discharging. When the capacity stability of the battery deteriorates, there is a loss of capacity and a significant decrease in the performance of the battery occurs in long cycles. Anode and cathode materials of the batteries directly affect the capacity and cycle life. Therefore, it is very important to improve the anode and cathode materials in order to maintain stability and improve battery performance.The technology described herein is related to the development of high capacity lithium ion batteries based on silicon-based anode and lithium rich cathode materials. The anode is a silicon-based material that contains a conductive polymer additive. Polymer-Si is a porous material with a flexible shell structure, thus preventing the volumetric expansion of silicon. The cathode has been developed in special stoichiometry to maximize capacity, thermal stability and capacity retention rate. The technology provider is seeking industry partners to test-bed and commercialize the patent-pending technology.
Ships coming into docks are required to undergo hull inspections and dock position checks. This task is traditionally performed by human divers. Recently, remotely operated underwater vehicles (ROVs) have been deployed to aid in this process. However, conventional ROVs require the use of long umbilical cables or tethers to power the vehicles from shore or from floating buoys. This causes significant power losses.The proposed technology relates to an onboard smart underwater battery power system for ROVs. It removes the need for tethering for ROVs, which increases the energy efficiency and overall portability of the vehicles.The technology owner is seeking partners to collaborate in various modes including technology licensing, consultancy project, research collaboration, etc.
Silica (SiO2) fibrous material is a special functional material with unique properties represented by amorphous fibre structure. These silica fibres can adsorb significantly more water than commercially available silica gel of the same mesoporous character. This feature is especially apparent in the range of medium relative humidity (30-70% RH), which is industrially the most important range for adsorption (in electronics, food, chemical industries, and numerous others). Owing to its porosity, the fibrous sorbent can be desorbed for its next use at significantly lower temperature (at least 20°C lower), which has a positive effect on the cost figure of the process. High specific surface area and mesoporosity are the main advantages, and make the material especially suitable for sorption and catalytic applications. The material can also be used as an adsorbent, catalytic carrier, battery electrolyte, etc.
With the wide deployment of renewable energy harvesting devices, such as solar cells and wind turbines, there is an urgency to develop high efficiency and economical energy storage systems to stabilize the intermittent and often unpredictable primary power sources before the power can be channelled to the grid safely or utilized for on-site loads. Redox flow batteries (RFBs) are regarded as promising electrochemical energy storage devices due to their special features of separable energy and power capacity. However, redox flow batteries tend to have lower energy densities than integrated cell architectures. Many approaches have been studied to improve the energy efficiency of RFBs. Among them, reducing shunt current loss and other parasitic loss is of great importance. This invention is capable of minimizing the shunt current in a redox flow battery through increasing the conductive path that exists between adjacent cells, without increasing maintenance cost or assembly complexity.